A clause is a group of related words. A clause has both a subject and a predicate (something that modifies the subject). There are two types of clauses.
Independent Clause – An independent clause can stand alone as a sentence. Here is an example: We usually walk to school. This sentence expresses a complete thought and can stand alone.
Dependent Clause – A dependent clause cannot stand alone as a sentence. Here is an example: when the cake is done baking. This clause does not express a complete thought and cannot stand alone.
Step ONE. Identify each of the clauses in 1-25 as independent or dependent.
ASSIGNMENT -> IN ENGLISH JOURNAL w/HEADING “CLAUSES”–>
- Number a fresh page 1-25. These numbers correspond to the clauses above.
- If a clause is dependent, add your own independent clause to make a complete sentence. Can go before or after.
- If a clause is independent, add your own new independent clause to it. Can go before or after.
Basic guide to dealing with clauses:
Conjunctions for connecting two independent clauses (IC + IC): use a comma plus for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so, = F.A.N.B.O.Y.S.
Marker words for connecting two independent clauses (IC + IC): also, consequently, furthermore, however, moreover, nevertheless, therefore (to name a few)
Connecting independent and dependent: IC + DC = use a transition word like after, although, as (as if), because, before, if, since, unless, until, whereas, when(ever), while. DC + IC = comma, especially if the DC begins with a transition word
Major rule to remember for life: Two independent clauses (IC + IC) must not be connected with a comma. This is called a “comma splice”. E.g., “I walked into class, I sat down.” Use conjunction instead.