- Who is Oedipus? He is the King of the ancient city of Thebes.
- What is a Sphinx? A mythical monster who tormented Thebes and killed many citizens.
- What is the “Riddle of the Sphinx?” It is a riddle asked by the Sphinx that nobody could solve. “What crawls in the morning, walks on two legs at noon, and walks on only three legs in the evening?”
- How did Oedipus become King of Thebes? He solved the riddle and caused the Sphinx to commit suicide. The people made him king, and he was a good one.
- Where is Thebes? Thebes is an ancient city in Greece (southern Europe)
- What is an oracle? What is the oracle at Delphi? An oracle is a person or thing which tells of future events (prophecies). The oracle at Delphi was a temple of Apollo (containing priestesses of Apollo) in the city of Delphi that people would visit to receive prophecies.
- Who was Sophocles? A very successful Athenian playwright during the Greek era, around 400 BC. He wrote Oedipus the King.
- Who/what was Dionysus? The god of wine, celebrations and theatre. One of the 12 Olympians.
- What is the “Feast of Dionysus?” A celebration involving a huge party (thousands of Athenians) lasting many days with plenty of wine and food. A centerpiece was dramatic production. That’s where Oedipus the King was initially performed.