Register and tone = Rhetoric = This is what you say and how you say it.
Truth: Register is defined by vocabulary choices and how those choices are fit together into a meaningful piece of text. In spoken text it also includes volume and intonation.
Truth: The meaning of a message is greatly influenced by how the message itself is constructed and delivered.
Truth: Particular rhetorical styles/registers are appropriate for particular messages.
Truth: Particular rhetorical styles/registers are appropriate for particular audiences.
Overall Truth: Successful communication = acknowledgement of audience + worthwhile message + strategic language use.
Consider these as ELEMENTS OF REGISTER.
Purpose: What the communication is supposed to accomplish
Audience: the target, a group, an individual, friend or stranger.
Situation; What’s being talked or written about. The content, the subject.
Form: a letter, an email, report, conversation,
Publication point: where the communication is “broadcast”: letters, books, interviews, home, school, work announcements, etc..
Language style: from casual, colloquial, formal, informal, intimate, detached, businesslike, etc.)
Strategies: Particular things, words or devices used by the speaker to “flavor” the language. (slang, idioms, figures of speech, humor, imagery, accents, )
- Elderly security guard giving a statement to city police in person.
- Wealthy female car shopper, mature adult speaking to close friend on the phone.
- Teenage daughter of car shopper, SMS text to a female friend.
- Thief, male, young adult talking in person, trying to sell the stolen Audi to a mysterious buyer.
- Car salesman, male, middle-aged adult speaking in person to the owner of the car dealership on the phone.
- Teenage car wash guy who was at work when it happened, talking to his girlfriend in person.