According to smart Greek philosophers who analyzed the components of great speeches, there are SIX essential parts. They are as follows:
In this section the speaker must establish credibility with the audience. A relationship with the audience is important to create. How can this be done? By showing expertise, by asking rhetorical questions, by showing that they are the same as the audience and that they share similar concerns. The issue is revealed but not discussed fully yet.
This is where the speaker states what he or she is going to prove. What do we call this in an essay? It is at this point that you explore more specifically the issue and define it more clearly for the audience.
This section tells the audience what to expect from the speech. What points will be addressed? Who can we expect to hear from?
Here is where the speaker makes his/her case. He/she presents facts and evidence to convince the audience. The speaker appeals to logos (logic/intelligence of audience) and also ethos (audience sense of right and wrong, sense of fairness) to support his/her point of view. Details and examples rule.
This is the point where the speaker attacks the validity or justness of other possible arguments against what he/she believes. The speaker anticipates possible disagreements and then refutes them with reason.
The conclusion sums up the important points and ideas of the speech and builds in emotion. It is at this point that the speaker appeals to the pathos (emotion/heart/feelings of the audience.) of the audience, using images and words to go to the heart, Many great speeches end with a call to action. What do you want the audience to do besides just agree with you?
A speech giver is known as an orator. A great orator has the following qualities:
- Loud voice (audible)
- Body language
- Master the Stage
- Eye contact
- Facial expression 0_0
- Aware of the audience
A great speech has the following qualities:
- Sequence (organized)
- To the point
- Interesting topic
- Acceptable (understandable)
- Makes sense
- Good content
- Touch your emotion
- Appeals to ethics
“logos” = appealing to the intelligence of the audience and their logical side. This deals with fact and figures, reason and logic, convincing an audience to act or support you because it is the intelligent thing to do! Appeal to the mind!
“ethos” = appealing to the audience’s sense of fairness, equality, sense or right and wrong, sense of justice, sense of ethics, sense of “doing the right thing”.
“pathos” = appealing to the emotions, feelings and “soft areas” of an audience. Pathos is a way of touching an audience’s heart.
- Think of one area of improvement you feel the school needs and suggest a solution or set of solutions.
- Create a short (just a few minutes) group oral presentation that uses logos, ethos and pathos to convince an audience of adults (adults have power so adults can change things) to accept the changes you suggest.
- Share your three part message on Wednesday.