Twenty VERY HOT IDIOMS
Q: What’ an idiom?”
A: An idiom is a word or saying which means something different from what it says – it is usually a metaphor. Sometimes idioms are called “figures of speech.” Idioms are common phrases or terms whose meanings are not literal, but are figurative and only known through their common use.
Because idioms can mean something different from what the words mean it is difficult for someone not very good at speaking the language to use them properly. Some idioms are only used by some groups of people or at certain times. The idiom break a leg, means good luck to an actor about to start acting, but not to other people.
Idioms are not the same thing as slang. Idioms are made of normal words that have a special meaning known by almost everyone. Slang is usually special words that are known only by a particular group.
To learn a language a person needs to learn the words in that language, and how and when to use them. But people also need to learn idioms separately because certain words together or at certain times can have different meanings. Believe it or not, idioms are quite common in western spoken and written communication.
WHAT DOES IT MEAN…
1. To be under the weather?
2. To go out of the frying pan and into the fire?
3. To have your nose to the grindstone?
4. To be on pins and needles?
5. To fly off the handle?
6. To get a slap on the wrist?
7. to have your head in the sand?
8. To be born yesterday?
9. To hold your horses?
10. To bury the hatchet?
11. When something is a dime a dozen?
12. To have a chip on your shoulder?
13. When something costs an arm and a leg?
14. To go on a wild goose chase?
15. To kick the bucket?
16. To go against the grain?
17. To do something at the drop of a hat
18. To be penny wise and pound foolish.
19. To practice what you preach.
20. To start from scratch.
- Gather definitions/meanings for the idioms. Try to find examples that put the idiom in context.
- Prepare to teach your classmates in other groups about your idioms. Create a role play, game or any kind of activity that helps your “class” understand the real use of the idioms. Quiz them on their knowledge at the end of your instruction.
- Tuesday begin
- Wednesday continue, prepare your presentation
- We will have groups present on Thursday or Friday
- There will be a quiz on these.
Some more words to chew on
…AND here are some single syllable words that are commonly seen and effective when used. They’re great because they are short and powerful! Like little giants! Add these to your idiom list. Standard gets black. Honors gets orange words as well as green
Verbs: cleave scale singe toil vex skirt scoff spite
Adjectives: gruff sage lithe dour spry
Nouns: ploy grudge spire craze void din creed